Regional losses is a subsystem of state loss concept that originates from the concept of state finance which is explicitly enshrined in the constitution. During this time the regional loss payments by the local government are done to the regional treasury even though it is not explicitly stated in the legislation. Using doctrinal legal research methods and by utilizing secondary data, this study examines the discourse of regional losses settlement through deposits to the state treasury in the juridical construction of state finances and its derivatives. The conclusion obtained is the absence of strict norms that regulate the necessity of regional losses settlement through deposit to the local treasury, so that the discourse of regional losses settlement through deposit to the state treasury becomes legitimate and possible.
Keywords: financial state; regional losses; state treasury
Internet was a technology that served information sharing quickly. However, many dictatorial countries restricted citizen access of the internet. On June 1, 2011, some international organizations consist of The United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Representative on Freedom of the Media, and the Organization of American States (OAS) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression proclaimed a joint declaration to resolute that freedom to access to the internet was one of human rights. The right of freedom to access to the internet consist of two forms of human right that was guaranteed on international law instrument: freedom of expression and freedom of information. In ASEAN, freedom of expression varies from one country to another.
Keywords: Freedom to Access to the Internet; Human Rights; International Law
State sovereignty is an important international law norm. Since the invention of the internet, which is a product of information technology developed in the globalization era, the scope of state sovereignty expanded through cyberspace. States try to enforce its sovereignty in this new sphere. In Indonesia, we can observe this phenomenon through the enactment of Law Number 11 Year 2008 on Electronic Information and Electronic Transaction (UU ITE).
This paper intends to discuss the reinterpretation of the state sovereignty concept in the context of globalization and the development of information technology, especially the internet.
Keywords: State sovereignty, cyberspace, globalization, UU ITE